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# 5月7日Peter van Emde Boas讲座：《三国演义》中的博弈论

会议讲座 2014-04-30

讲座人：Peter van Emde Boas (ILLC, FNWI, University of Amsterdam)

讲座题目：Victorious Warriors:searching the games played in the Romance of the three Kingdoms（常胜将军：探索《三国演义》中的博弈）

讲座时间地点：2014年 5月7日 （周三） 15:10-18:00，理教311

讲座摘要：

{Background: Your speaker has been invited to contribute a chapter in the forthcoming handbook of History of Logic in China on the logical and game theoretical perspectives on ancient Chinese strategic theory. In preparation I have studied the ancient masters like Sun Tzu and Sun Bin, but also history texts and, last but not least, the historic novel Romance of the three Kingdoms.}

Game theory is a mathematical theory aimed at describing the behavior of agents in strategic interaction. The old Chinese texts used to give both strategic guidelines, and examples of instances where those guidelines were either used or violated. They contain many examples of stratagems - tricks used during warfare to fool or mislead your enemy. However, in order to analyse such a story from a game theoretical perspective we better first find out what game actually has been played.

This is a question which is hard if not impossible to answer, based on the available information. How to reconstruct a game from a textual description of a single instance where the game has been played? The problem is similar to the literature study area called narratology. There one wants to produce a formal representation of the events described in a text. This is a non-trivial task. Our question adds another dimension to this problem.

In the talk I present an introduction where the problem area is described. Next I will give some examples of strategic recommendations of Sun Tzu, and compare these with the teachings given by von Clausewitz 2300 years later. I conclude with some illustrative examples of stories, and how they relate to the rules of Sun Tzu, and how they relate to games.

The reconstruction of these ancient stories according to this approach may help in answering the question whether the Chinese indeed did perform some form of game analysis, many centuries before this form of reasoning became a field of mathematical studies. It may yield a new perspective on the reasoning and implicit logic used in this period.

讲座题目：Victorious Warriors:searching the games played in the Romance of the three Kingdoms（常胜将军：探索《三国演义》中的博弈）

讲座时间地点：2014年 5月7日 （周三） 15:10-18:00，理教311

讲座摘要：

{Background: Your speaker has been invited to contribute a chapter in the forthcoming handbook of History of Logic in China on the logical and game theoretical perspectives on ancient Chinese strategic theory. In preparation I have studied the ancient masters like Sun Tzu and Sun Bin, but also history texts and, last but not least, the historic novel Romance of the three Kingdoms.}

Game theory is a mathematical theory aimed at describing the behavior of agents in strategic interaction. The old Chinese texts used to give both strategic guidelines, and examples of instances where those guidelines were either used or violated. They contain many examples of stratagems - tricks used during warfare to fool or mislead your enemy. However, in order to analyse such a story from a game theoretical perspective we better first find out what game actually has been played.

This is a question which is hard if not impossible to answer, based on the available information. How to reconstruct a game from a textual description of a single instance where the game has been played? The problem is similar to the literature study area called narratology. There one wants to produce a formal representation of the events described in a text. This is a non-trivial task. Our question adds another dimension to this problem.

In the talk I present an introduction where the problem area is described. Next I will give some examples of strategic recommendations of Sun Tzu, and compare these with the teachings given by von Clausewitz 2300 years later. I conclude with some illustrative examples of stories, and how they relate to the rules of Sun Tzu, and how they relate to games.

The reconstruction of these ancient stories according to this approach may help in answering the question whether the Chinese indeed did perform some form of game analysis, many centuries before this form of reasoning became a field of mathematical studies. It may yield a new perspective on the reasoning and implicit logic used in this period.

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